Harvest Season:  Summer

Plant Habit:  Upright

Characteristics: Easy care

Water: Medium

Fertilize: Every two weeks

Height: 24" - 36"

Width: 12" - 24"

Exposure: Sun

General Information: 

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant that belongs to the carrot family. It is renowned for its aromatic and flavorful leaves, seeds, and bulbs, which are commonly used in culinary dishes and herbal remedies. It has a mild licorice flavour. Fennel forms a white bulb at the base but all parts of the plant can be used from the bulb, stems and leaves.

When selecting a location for your fennel plants, it is crucial to consider their specific requirements. Fennel thrives in full sun, so choose a spot in your garden that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day. Additionally, ensure that the soil is well-draining and rich in organic matter.

Before planting your fennel seedlings, it is essential to prepare the soil properly. Start by removing any weeds or debris from the planting area. Then, loosen the soil to a depth of 8-10 inches using a garden fork or tiller. Incorporate compost or well-rotted manure into the soil to improve its fertility and drainage.

Fennel plants require regular care to ensure optimal growth and productivity. Here are some essential tips:

  • Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist, but avoid overwatering, as fennel plants are susceptible to root rot. Water deeply once a week, or more frequently during hot and dry periods.
  • Fertilizing: Apply a balanced organic fertilizer once a month to provide essential nutrients for healthy growth.
  • Weeding: Regularly remove weeds around your fennel plants to prevent competition for nutrients and water.
  • Pest Control: Monitor your plants for common pests such as aphids and caterpillars. Use organic pest control methods or insecticidal soap to protect your fennel from damage.
  • Supporting: As your fennel plants grow, they may require support to prevent them from toppling over. Use stakes or cages to provide stability.

Depending on the variety, fennel plants typically reach maturity within 90-120 days. Harvest the leaves, seeds, and bulbs as needed throughout the growing season. The leaves can be snipped off at the base, while the seeds and bulbs should be harvested when they are fully developed and flavorful.



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