Peony, Paeonia

Peony Karl Rosenfield

Bloom Season:   Spring, early summer, summer depending on variety

Plant Habit: Mounding, upright

Characteristics: Easy care, long lived, can be 100 years.

Water: Medium

Fertilize: Seldom

Height: various, depending on variety

Width: various, depending on variety

Exposure: Sun

Available varieties: Francis Ortegat

                                 Henry Bockstace

                                 Karl Rosenfeld

                                 Sarah Bernhardt

                                 Charles White

                                 Coral Sunset

General Information: 

Peonies thrive in well-drained soil with a pH level between 6.5 and 7.5. Before planting, prepare the soil by adding organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure. This will improve soil fertility and drainage. Choose a sunny location for your peonies, as they require at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day.

When planting peonies, dig a hole that is wide and deep enough to accommodate the roots. Place the peony in the hole, making sure the eyes (buds) are facing upwards. Backfill the hole with soil, firming it gently around the roots. Water thoroughly after planting to settle the soil.

Peonies require regular watering, especially during dry periods. Water deeply, ensuring the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Avoid overhead watering, as this can lead to fungal diseases. Apply a balanced fertilizer in early spring and again after the blooms have faded to promote healthy growth and abundant flowers.

As peonies grow, they may require support to prevent their heavy blooms from drooping. Use stakes or peony rings to provide support without damaging the plant. It's best to install these supports early in the growing season to avoid disturbing the roots.

Pruning peonies is essential for maintaining their health and promoting future blooms. In late fall or early spring, remove any dead or damaged foliage. Cut back the stems to ground level, taking care not to damage the emerging buds. This will encourage new growth and ensure a beautiful display of flowers.

While peonies are generally hardy and resistant to pests and diseases, they can occasionally be affected by issues such as powdery mildew or botrytis blight. To prevent these problems, ensure proper air circulation around the plants by spacing them adequately. Remove any infected foliage or flowers promptly to prevent the spread of disease.

Once your peonies are established and blooming, you can enjoy their beauty both in the garden and as cut flowers. To prolong the vase life of cut peonies, harvest them when the buds are soft and just starting to open. Remove any foliage that will be below the water line and place the stems in a vase with fresh water.



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